Tuesday, September 16, 2008

Who Killed Count Folke Bernadotte?

I'm preparing for intellectual debate of my Public International Law lecture regarding to the admissibility of United Nations to initiate legal proceedings against any de jure or de facto states.

World Court had affirmed such right to be held by United Nations in the case of Reparations For Injuries Suffered In The Service Of United Nations.

The issue is what was the reason behind the admissibility of UN to bring international claims against the states? As the facts had shown, Count Folke Bernadotte - Chief United Nations Truce Negotiator was assassinated in Jerusalem.

Bernadotte's plan
called for the Jewish State to relinquish the Negev and Jerusalem to Transjordan and to receive the western Galilee. He insisted in the proposal that the right of the Arab refugees to return to their homes in Jewish-controlled territory at the earliest possible date should be affirmed by the United Nations. This proposal was completed on September 16, 1948 in consultation with British and American emissaries. Bernadotte advocated a total demilitarization of Jerusalem and blamed the Jewish forces for "aggressive" behavior in the city.

LEHI - Lohamei Herut Israel ("Fighters for the Freedom of Israel") was a Jewish extremist group, also called the "Stern Gang", engaging in a campaign of "personal terror" against the British in Palestine. For LEHI, Count Folke Bernadotte, as UN mediator for "Palestine," came to symbolize the foreign oppression of the Jewish claim to the Land of Israel. LEHI called Bernadotte a British agent and said he had cooperated with the Nazis in World War II.

The organization considered his plan to be a threat to its goal of an independent Israel with expanded territory on both sides of the Jordan River. Bernadotte was assassinated by a LEHI team in Jerusalem on September 17, 1948, an act that resulted in the elimination of the LEHI organization by the Jewish leaders of Israel.


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